Ever seen a person who hits against things by his/her side anytime they walk?
They may be living with glaucoma, probably in the advanced stages!
Glaucoma is a neuropathic disorder that affects an average 60 million people and causes blindness in about 8 million people worldwide and has been known to be the second leading cause of preventable blindness globally. This therefore breeds the urgency to ingest awareness about the causes and treatment of the disease into the public and into people who are predisposed to having it like diabetic individuals and people over 50 years of age.
Glaucoma occurs when the optic nerve gets damaged from increased intraocular pressure in the eye. This optic damage affects image transmission to the brain and if this persists, vision can be lost permanently; however, with prompt management blindness can be prevented.
This disease is known to occur in both adults and children and is of different types including Open Angle Glaucoma, Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma, Normal Tension Glaucoma, Juvenile Glaucoma, Pigmentary Glaucoma, Trauma related Glaucoma, Exfoliation Syndrome.
A diagnosis of glaucoma is usually made by your optometrist through a battery of tests including Slit lamp examination, gonioscopy, tonometry, pachymetry, central visual field test, optical coherence tomography scans.
Once a proper diagnosis is made, treatment ensues; which usually targets keeping intraocular pressure at low levels to prevent damage to the optic nerve. Initial treatments are done with medications in form of eye drops, surgical procedures may be required in more advanced or complex cases. These surgical procedures may include laser surgeries, shunt implants, filtering surgery, trabeculoplasty, etc.
Because loss of vision in glaucoma is irreversible, early diagnosis and management of glaucoma is very important to avoid further damage to the optic nerve to prevent vision loss.
As we commemorate this year’s world glaucoma week, we encourage you and family and friends to visit an eye care facility to get screened for glaucoma.
It is free!
The De-Lens team will be delighted to have you!
The World is Bright, Save your Sight!